Lata Mangeshkar was born on September 28, 1929.
Biography in Brief
Mangeshkar's career started in 1942 and has spanned over six and a half decades. She has recorded songs for over a thousand Bollywood movies and also has sung songs in over thirty-six regional Indian languages and some foreign languages. She is awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour.
She won number of awards for her singing.
The Guinness Book of Records lists Lata Mangeshkar as the most recorded artist in the history, with more than 30,000 songs.
Detailed Biography - Bollywood Singing Career of Lata Mangeshkar
Lata Mangeshkar is daughter of Pandit Deenanath Mangeshkar, a classical singer and theater actor.
Mangeshkar took her first lessons from her father. At the age of five, she started to work as an actress in her father's musical plays (Sangeet Natak in Marathi). In 1942, when Lata was 13, her father died of heart disease. Master Vinayak, the owner of Navyug Chitrapat movie company and a close friend of the Mangeshkar family, took care of Deenanath's family.
Vinayak gave Lata a small role in Navyug Chitrapat's Marathi movie Pahili Mangalaa-gaur (1942). In the film, she sang "Natali Chaitraachi Navalaai." Her first Hindi song was "Mata Ek Sapoot Ki Duniya Badal De Tu" for the Marathi film, Gajaabhaau (1943).
Lata Mangeshkar moved to Mumbai in 1945 with Master Vinayak. She started taking lessons in Hindustani classical music from Ustad Amanat Ali Khan . Lata and her sister Asha played minor roles in Vinayak's first Hindi-language movie, Badi Maa (1945). In that movie, Lata also sang a bhajan, “Maata Tere Charnon Mein.” She sang “Paa Lagoon Kar Jori” for Vasant Joglekar's Hindi-language movie Aap Ki Seva Mein (1946),
As Ustad Amanat Ali Khan migrated to newly formed Pakistan, Lata continued her learning of classical music under Amanat Khan Devaswale. Pandit Tulsidas Sharma, who was a pupil of Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan, also helped in her training. Music director Ghulam Haider gave Lata the song “Dil Mera Toda,” in the movie Majboor (1948). Lata took lessons in Urdu from an Urdu to improve her singing hindi film songs many of which had Urdu words. One of her first major hits was “Aayega Aanewaala,” a song in the movie Mahal (1949), was composed by music director Khemchand Prakash.
“Aayega Aanewaala,” a song in the movie Mahal (1949) - YouTube Video
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1950 - 1959
In the 1950s, Mangeshkar sang songs composed by various music directors of the period, including Anil Biswas, Shankar Jaikishan, Naushad Ali, S. D. Burman, Pandit Husan Lal Bhagat Ram, C. Ramchandra, Hemant Kumar, Salil Chowdhury, Khayyam, Ravi, Sajjad Hussain, Roshan, Kalyanji-Anandji, Vasant Desai, Sudhir Phadke, Hansraj Behl, Madan Mohan, and Usha Khanna. But a rift developed between Lata and S.D.Burman in 1957, and Lata did not sing Burman's compositions again until 1962.
Mangeshkar won a Filmfare Award for Best Female Playback Singer for Salil Chowdhury's composition “Aaja Re Pardesi,” from Madhumati (1958).
“Aaja Re Pardesi,” from Madhumati (1958) - YouTube Video
Tarana, Heer, Bari Behan, Meena Bazaar, Afsana, Aadhi Raat, Ansoo, Chhoti Bhabi, Adal-e-Jehangir Deedar (1951) , Baiju Bawra (1952), Amar (1954) , Uran Khatola (1955) and Mother India (1957). Ae Chorre Ki Jaat Badi Bewafa, a duet with G. M. Durrani for film Chandni Raat, was her first song for composer, Naushad. Barsat, Aah (1953), Shree 420 (1955), and Chori Chori (1956). Before 1957, Sazaa (1951), House No. 44 (1955), and Devdas (1955)
With C. Ramchandra Albela (1951), Shin Shinkai Bublaa Boo (1952) , Anarkali (1953) , Pehli Jhhalak (1954) , Azad (1955) , Asha (1957) and Amardeep (1958).
With Madan Mohan, Baagi (1953) Railway Platform (1955) , Pocketmar (1956), Dekh Kabira Roya (1957), Adalat (1958), Jailor (1958), Mohar (1959) and Chacha Zindabad (1959).
1960 to 1969
Mangeshkar's song "Pyar Kiya To Darna Kya" from Mughal-e-Azam (1960), composed by Naushad and picturized on Madhubala, became a famous song .
Song "Pyar Kiya To Darna Kya" from Mughal-e-Azam (1960) - YouTube Video
Another song to be noted is the Hawaiian-themed number "Ajeeb Dastaan Hai Yeh" from Dil Apna Aur Preet Parai (1960), which was composed by Shankar Jaikishan and picturized on Meena Kumari.
In 1961, Mangeshkar recorded two popular bhajans, "Allah Tero Naam" for Hum Dono film and "Prabhu Tero Naam" for Hum Dono film.
"Allah Tero Naam" for Hum Dono film - YouTube Video
Prabhu Tero Naam
In 1962, she was awarded her second Filmfare Award for the song "Kahin Deep Jale Kahin Dil" from Bees Saal Baad, composed by Hemant Kumar.
On 27 January 1963, against the backdrop of the Sino-Indian War, Mangeshkar sang the patriotic song "Aye Mere Watan Ke Logo" in the presence of Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India. The song was composed by C. Ramchandra and was written by Kavi Pradeep, had impressed Nehruji in a emotional way.
"Aye Mere Watan Ke Logo"
Saregama India Ltd.
In 1963, Lata Mangeshkar returned to collaboration with S. D. Burman. She recorded popular songs for S. D. Burman, like "Aaj Phir Jeene Ki Tamanna Hai", "Gata Rahe Mera Dil" (duet with Kishore Kumar) and "Piya Tose" from Guide (1965), and "Honton Mein Aisi Baat" from Jewel Thief (1967).
"Honton Mein Aisi Baat" from Jewel Thief (1967) - Video
During the 1960s, Lata Mangeshkar's popular songs under Madan Mohan include the songs "Aap Ki Nazron Ne Samjha" from Anpadh (1962), "Lag Ja Gale" and "Naina Barse Rim Jhim" from Woh Kaun Thi? (1964), "Woh Chup Rahen To" from Jahan Ara (1964), "Tu Jahan Jahan Chalega" from Mera Saaya (1966) a and "Teri Aankho Ke Siva" from Chirag (1969).
Lata Mangeshkar sang over 700 songs for the composer duo Laxmikant - Pyarelal over a period of 35 long years. She sang for Parasmani (1963), Mr. X in Bombay (1964), Aaye Din Bahar Ke (1966), Milan (1967), Anita (1967) Shagird (1968), Mere Hamdam Mere Dost (1968), Intaquam (1969), Do Raaste (1969) and Jeene Ki Raah. For Jeene Ki Raah, she got her 3rd Filmfare Award.
She also sang for R. D. Burman's very first film Chhote Nawaab and later for his films such as Bhoot Bangla (1965), Pati Patni (1966), Baharon ke Sapne (1967) and Abhilasha (1969).
Lata Mangeshkar has recorded duets with all singers, Mukesh, Manna Dey, Mahendra Kapoor, Mohammed Rafi, and Kishore Kumar.
1970 - 79
In 1972, Meena Kumari's last film, Pakeezah, featured popular songs including "Chalte Chalte" and "Inhi Logon Ne" sung by Lata Mangeshkar, and composed by Ghulam Mohammed. She recorded many popular songs under S. D. Burman including "Rangeela Re" from Prem Pujari (1970), "Khilte Hain Gul Yahaan" from Sharmeelee (1971), and "Piya Bina" from Abhimaan (1973). She recorded many popular songs for Madan Mohan's films, including Dastak (1970), Heer Raanjha (1970), Dil Ki Rahen (1973), Hindustan Ki Kasam (1973), Hanste Zakhm (1973), Mausam (1975) and Laila Majnu (1976).
Lata Mangeshkar sang many hit songs for Rahul Dev Burman in the hit films Amar Prem (1972), Caravan (1971), Kati Patang (1971), and Aandhi (1975). In 1973, she won the National Film Award for Best Female Playback Singer for the song "Beeti Na Bitai" from the film Parichay, composed by R. D. Burman, and written by Gulzar. In 1975, she again won the national award, this time for the song "Roothe Roothe Piya" from the film Kora Kagaz, composed by Kalyanji Anandji.
In 1978, Raj Kapoor directed film, Satyam Shivam Sundaram's main theme song "Satyam Shivam Sundaram", was given voice by Lata Mangeshkar and it was among the chart-toppers of the year.
She worked with new directors some of them children of earlier music directors in this period.
Lata Mangeshkar provided play back singing for many films including Silsila (1981), Faasle (1985), Vijay (1988), Chandni (1989). Ustadi Ustad Se (1981), Bezubaan (1982), Woh Jo Hasina (1983), Ye Kesa Farz (1985). Maine Pyar Kiya (1989) was a musical hit.
1990 - 99
During the 1990s, she recorded with new music directors Anand-Milind, Nadeem-Shravan, Jatin Lalit, Dilip Sen-Sameer Sen, Uttam Singh, Anu Malik, Aadesh Shrivastava and A. R. Rahman. She recorded some non-film songs, including ghazals with Jagjit Singh. She has also sung duets with new popular singers, S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Udit Narayan, Hariharan, Kumar Sanu, Suresh Wadkar, Mohammed Aziz, Abhijeet Bhattacharya, Roop Kumar Rathod, Vinod Rathod, Gurdas Maan and Sonu Nigam.
In 1990, Lata Mangeshkar produced the Gulzar-directed movie Lekin.... She won her third National Film Award for Best Female Playback Singer for her rendition of the song "Yaara Sili Sili" from the film, which was composed by her brother Hridaynath.
Mangeshkar has sung for almost all the Yash Chopra films and films from his production house Yash Raj Films including Chandni (1989), Lamhe (1991), Darr (1993), Yeh Dillagi (1994), Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge (1995), Dil To Pagal Hai (1997), Mohabbatein (2000), Mujhse Dosti Karoge! (2002) and Veer-Zaara (2004).
Mangeshkar sang under Ram Laxman's music direction in Patthar Ke Phool (1991), 100 Days (1991), Mehboob Mere Mehboob (1992), Saatwan Aasman (1992), I Love You (1992 film) (1992), Dil Ki Baazi (1993), Antim Nyay (1993), The Melody of Love (1993), The Law (1994), Hum Aapke Hain Koun..! (1994), Megha (1996), Lav Kush (1997), Manchala (1999), and Dulhan Banoo Main Teri (1999).
A. R. Rahman and Lata Mangeshkar worked together during this period and songs recorded include "Jiya Jale" (Dil Se..), "Khamoshiyan Gungunane Lagin" (One 2 Ka 4), "Ek Tu Hi Bharosa" (Pukar), "Pyaara Sa Gaon" (Zubeidaa),"So Gaye Hain" (Zubeidaa) "Lukka chuppi" (Rang De Basanti) and "O Paalanhaare" (Lagaan). She made an appearance in the film Pukar singing "Ek Tu Hi Bharosa" song.
In 1994, Lata Mangeshkar released Shraddanjali-My Tribute To The Immortals by singing songs of K.L. Saigal, Rafi, Hemant Kumar, Mukesh, Punkaj Mallick and Kishore Kumar, Geeta dutt, Zohrabai, Amirbai, Parul Ghosh and Kanan Devi.
It is interesting that Lata sang both, Rahul Dev Burman's first and last song. In 1994, she sang last song Kuch Na Kaho for Rahul Dev Burman in 1942: A Love Story.
Song - Kuch Na Kaho in 1942: A Love Story.________________
Old Hindi songs - Saregama
In 1999, Mangeshkar was nominated as a member of Rajya Sabha.
2000 - 2009
Singing by Lata Mangeshkar has reduced to a large extent.
In 2001, Lata Mangeshkar was awarded Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor.
In 2001, she recorded her first Hindi song with the composer Ilaiyaraaja, for the film Lajja;
Lata Mangeshkar recorded a song for composer Nadeem-Shravan Kese Piya Sai Mein Kaho for Bewafaa (2005). She also sang Kitne Ajeeb Rishte Hain Yahan Par for Page 3 (2005) and Daata Sun Le for Jail (2009),
Shamir Tandon once recorded a song with Lata Mangeshkar Tere Hasne Sai Mujheko for the film Satrangee Parachute (2011). After a big gap Lata Mangeshkar recorded a song Jeena kya hai, jaana maine for the sequel of Kapil Sharma's queer love story Dunno Y... Na Jaane Kyun
She produced films also. They are:
1953 - Jhaanjhar co-produced with C. Ramchandra
1955 - Kanchan
1990 - Lekin
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Lata Mangeshkar Biography Video - Ultra Hindi
Filmfare Awards and Nominations - Lata Mageshkar Songs
1959 Lata Mangeshkar – "Aaja Re Pardesi" from Madhumati
Lata Mangeshkar – "Bhaiyya Mere" from Chhoti Bahen
Lata Mangeshkar – "Dil Apna Aur Preet Parai" from Dil Apna Aur Preet Parai
Lata Mangeshkar – "Pyaar Kiya To Darna Kya" from Mughal-e-Azam
1963 Lata Mangeshkar – "Kahin Deep Jale Kahin Dil" from Bees Saal Baad
Lata Mangeshkar – "Aapki Nazrone Samajha" from Anpadh
Lata Mangeshkar – "Jo Waada Kiya" from Taj Mahal
Lata Mangeshkar – "Jyot Se Jyot Jagate Chalo" from Sant Gyaneshwar
1966 Lata Mangeshkar – "Tumhi Mere Mandir" from Khandan
Lata Mangeshkar – "Ek Tu Na Mila" from Himalaya Ki God Mein
Lata Mangeshkar – "Kaanto Se Kheech" from Guide
Lata Mangeshkar – "Lo Aagi Unki Yaad" from Do Badan
Lata Mangeshkar – "Baharon Mera Jeevan" from Aakhri Khat
Lata Mangeshkar – "Saawan Ka Mahina" from Milan
Lata Mangeshkar – "Milti Hai Zindagi Mein" from Aankhen
Sharda – "Tumhari Bhi Jai Jai" from Deewana
1970 Lata Mangeshkar – "Aap Mujhe Achche Lagne Lage" from Jeene Ki Raah
Lata Mangeshkar – "Kaise Rahu Chup" from Intaquam
Lata Mangeshkar – "Babul Pyare" from Johny Mera Naam
Lata Mangeshkar – "Bindiya Chamkegi" from Do Raaste