Naushad Ali ( 25 December 1919 – 5 May 2006) was popular music directors for Hindi films with a large number of jubilee films.
Naushad was conferred the Dadasaheb Phalke Award and the Padma Bhushan in 1982 and 1992, respectively, for his contribution to the Bollywood film industry.
Naushad was born and raised in Lucknow. His father, Wahid Ali, was a munshi (court clerk). He studied Hindustani music there under Ustad Ghurbat Ali, Ustad Yusuf Ali, Ustad Babban Saheb, and others. He also repaired harmoniums. As a lad, he joined a junior theatrical club and was appointed the club's music maestro for their theatrical presentations. He used to watch silent films at the Royal theatre in Lucknow. These movies were accompanies by music played by live musicians.
In time Naushad formed his own Windsor Music Entertainers. It led to formation of the Indian Star Theatrical Company in a theatre at Golagunj colony in Lucknow. He took training under Laddan Khan in composing and toured Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Saurashtra in the company's sojourns in those regions.
Naushad was a cinema fan in the silent era. In 1931, Indian cinema got voice and music which fascinated the 13-year old boy. But his family was strict follower of Islamic diktat of prohibition of music and his father one day gave him ultimatum to leave film music if he wanted to stay at home. He ran away to Mumbai in the late 1937 to try his luck as a film musician.
In Mumbai, he initially stayed with an acquaintance from Lucknow (U.P.) at Colaba.
After a while, he could a get job under music director Ustad Jhande Khan at a monthly salary of Rs 40. After that, Naushad worked as a pianist in composer Ustad Mushtaq Hussain's orchestra. He got credit as assistant to Hussain in a film. Then, Composer Khemchand Prakash took him on as his assistant for the film Kanchan at Ranjit Studio at a salary of Rs 60 per month, Naushad in interviews, had called Khemchand his guru.
His friend, lyricist D N Madhok introduced him to various film producers. Chandulal Shah, the owner of Ranjit Studios, offered to sign Naushad for one of his forthcoming films, but the film never got on the floors. He worked as an assistant music director for the Punjabi film 'Mirza Sahib' (1939).
He composed independently for film Prem Nagar in 1940. With A.R. Kardar's film Nayi Duniya (1942), he got first credit as "music director" and he began to work regularly for Kardar Productions. He first got noticed with A.R. Kardar's film Sharda (1942) wherein 13-year-old Suraiya debuted with the song "Panchhi Ja" for the playback for heroine Mehtab. It was Rattan (1944) that took Naushad right to the top and enabled him to charge Rs 25,000 a film.
Songs - Audio of Rattan
Saregama Old Hindi Songs Upload
Documentary on Naushad by Films Division
According to an film journalist, Kardar production spent rupees seventy five thousand in 1944 to make 'Rattan'. The music by Naushad itself earned Rs 3 lacs as royalty from gramophone sales in the first year.
From 1942 until the late 1960s, he was one of the top music directors in Hindi films. He did less than a hundred films during his lifetime, but 26 of those films celebrated Silver jubilees (25 weeks run). 8 among them celebrated golden jubilees (50 weeks run) and 4 celebrated diamond jubilees (60 weeks run).
In 1981, Naushad was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award for his lifetime contribution to Indian cinema.
Naushad died on 5 May 2006 in Mumbai.
Naushad started the 'Naushad Academy of Hindustani Sangeet' was formed.
Film - Director - Cast - Remarks
Prem Nagar 1940 Mohan Dayaram Bhavnani Ramanand, Bimla Kumari, Husn Banu, Rai Mohan, Nagendra, Salu,
Darshan 1941 Chimanlal Muljibhoy Luhar Raj Kapoor, Suraiya
Mala 1941 Balwant Bhatt - Jayant, Rose, Jairaj, Nazir, Daya Devi, Heera
Nai Duniya 1942 Abdul Rashid Kardar - Jairaj, Shobhna Samarth, Wasti, Azurie, Mazhar Khan. Hari Shivdasani, Jeevan - Silver Jubilee
Sharda 1942 Abdul Rashid Kardar Ulhas, Mehtab. Wasti, Nirmala, Badri Prasad - Silver Jubilee
Station Master 1942 Chimanlal Muljibhoy Luhar - Prem Adib, Pratima Devi, Gulab
Kanoon 1943 Abdul Rashid Kardar - Mehtaab, Shahu Modak Silver Jubilee
Namaste 1943 Mohammed Sadiq Sani - Wasti, Protima Das, Jagdish Sethi, Misra Silver Jubilee
Sanjog 1943 Abdul Rashid Kardar - Charlie, Anwar Hussain, Mehtab Silver Jubilee
Geet 1944 S. U. Sunny - Shahu Modak, Nirmala, Amir Ali
Jeevan 1944 Mohammed Sadiq Wasti, Mehtab, Badri Prasad, Anwar, Shyam Kumar
Pehle Aap 1944 Abdul Rashid Kardar Shamim, Wasti, Anwar Hussain, Jeevan, Dixit -
Rattan 1944 S Sadiq - Amir Banu, Karan Dewan, Swarnalata - Diamond Jubilee
Sanyasi 1945 Abdul Rashid Kardar - Shamim, Amar, Misra, Shyam Kumar, Naseem Jr., Gulam Mohamad - Silver Jubilee
Anmol Ghadi 1946 Mehboob Khan Noorjehan, Surinder, Suraiya Diamond Jubilee
Keemat 1946 Nazir Ajmeri Amar, Sulochana Chatterjee, A Shah, Sharda, Badri Prasad, Sofia, Anwari, Nawab
Shahjehan 1946 Abdul Rashid Kardar Kundan Lal Saigal, Ragini Silver Jubilee
Dard 1947 Abdul Rashid Kardar Uma Devi, Suraiya - Silver Jubilee
Elaan 1947 Mehboob Khan Himalaywala, Leela Mishra, Shah Nawaz
Natak 1947 S. U. Sunny Suraiya, Amar, Sofiya, Kanwar, Sham Kumar, Pratima Devi Silver Jubilee
Anokhi Ada 1948 Mehboob Khan Surendra, Naseem Bano, Murad, Cuckoo Golden Jubilee
Mela 1948 S. U. Sunny Dilip Kumar, Nargis, Jeevan Golden Jubilee
Andaz 1949 Mehboob Khan Dilip Kumar, Raj Kapoor, Nargis Golden Jubilee
Chandni Raat 1949 Mohammed Ehsan Shyam, Naseem Bano
Dillagi 1949 Abdul Rashid Kardar Shyam, Suraiyya, Sharda, Amir Banu, Amar Silver Jubilee
Dulari 1949 Abdul Rashid Kardar Suresh, Madhubala, Geeta Bali Silver Jubilee
Babul 1950 S. U. Sunny - Dilip Kumar, Nargis - Silver Jubilee
Dastan 1950 Abdul Rashid Kardar Raj Kapoor, Suraiya, Veena, Suresh - Silver Jubilee
Deedar 1951 Nitin Bose Dilip Kumar, Nimmi, Nargis, Ashok Kumar - Golden Jubilee
Jadoo 1951 Abdul Rashid Kardar Suresh, Nalini Jaywant -
Aan 1952 Mehboob Khan Dilip Kumar, Nimmi, Nadira - Golden Jubilee
Baiju Bawra 1952 Vijay Bhatt Bharat Bhushan, Meena Kumari - Diamond Jubilee
Deewana 1952 Abdul Rashid Kardar Suraiya, Suresh, Sumitra Devi, Shyam Kumar Silver Jubilee
Amar 1954 Mehboob Khan Dilip Kumar, Nimmi, Madhubala
Shabaab 1954 Mohammed Sadiq Bharat Bhushan, Nutan Silver Jubilee
Uran Khatola 1955 S. U. Sunny Dilip Kumar, Nimmi. Silver Jubilee
Mother India 1957 Mehboob Khan Nargis, Raj Kumar, Rajendra Kumar, Sunil Dutt, Kanhaiyalal Diamond Jubilee
Sohni Mahiwal 1958 Raja Nawathe Bharat Bhushan, Nimmi
Kohinoor 1960 S. U. Sunny Dilip Kumar, Meena Kumari, Kumkum, Jeevan Golden Jubilee
Mughal-e-Azam 1960 Karim Asif Dilip Kumar, Madhubala, Prithviraj Kapoor, Durga Khote, Ajit Diamond Jubilee
Gunga Jumna 1961 Nitin Bose Dilip Kumar, Vyjayantimala Bali Golden Jubilee
Son of India 1962 Mehboob Khan Kamaljit, Kumkum, Sajid, Simi Garewal, Jayant
Mere Mehboob 1963 Harnam Singh Rawail Rajendra Kumar, Sadhana, Ameeta, Ashok Kumar, Nimmi Silver Jubilee
Leader 1964 Ram Mukherjee Dilip Kumar, Vyjayantimala Bali
Dil Diya Dard Liya 1965 Abdul Rashid Kardar Dilip Kumar, Waheeda Rehman, Pran
Saaz Aur Awaaz 1966 Subodh Mukherji Saira Banu, Kanhaiyalal, Joy Mukherjee
Palki 1967 S. U. Sunny Rajendra Kumar, Waheeda Rehman, Rehman, Johnny Walker Also as Writer
Ram Aur Shyam 1967 Tapi Chanakya Dilip Kumar, Waheeda Rehman, Mumtaz, Pran, Nirupa Roy, Leela Mishra Golden Jubilee
Aadmi 1968 A. Bhimsingh Dilip Kumar, Waheeda Rehman, Manoj Kumar
Saathi 1968 C. V. Sridhar Rajendra Kumar, Vyjayantimala Bali, Simi Garewal
Sunghursh 1968 Harnam Singh Rawail Dilip Kumar, Vyjayanthimala, Balraj Sahni
Gunwaar 1970 Naresh Kumar Rajendra Kumar, Vyjayantimala Bali, Nishi
Pakeezah 1971 Kamal Amrohi Raj Kumar, Meena Kumari, Ashok Kumar Background Score and a few songs
Tangewala 1972 Naresh Kumar Rajendra Kumar, Mumtaz, Sujit Kumar
My Friend 1974 M Rehman Rajeev, Prema Narayan, Utpal Dutt, Jagdeep, Asit Sen, Tuntun
Sunehra Sansar 1975 Adurti Subba Rao Rajendra Kumar, Hema, Mala Sinha
Aaina 1977 Kailasham Balachander Mumtaz, Rajesh Khanna
Paan Khaae Sainyyan Humaar 1985 Sujit Kumar Sujit Kumar, Bandini, S. N. Tripathi Bhojpuri film
Chambal Ki Rani 1979 Radhakant Mahendra Sandhu, Dara Singh, Chand Usmani
Dharam Kanta 1982 Sultan Ahmed Raj Kumar, Waheeda Rehman, Jeetendra, Reena Roy, Rajesh Khanna, Sulakhshana Pandit
Love and God 1986 Karim Asif Sanjeev Kumar, Nimmi, Pran
Dhwani 1988 A. T. Abu Prem Nazir, Jayaram, Shobana Malayalam film
Teri Payal Mere Geet 1989 Rehman Naushad Govinda, Meenakshi Seshadri
Aawaz De Kahan Hai 1990 Sibte Hassan Rizvi Bindu, Annu Kapoor, Satyendra Kapoor
Guddu 1995 Prem Lalwani Shah Rukh Khan, Manisha Koirala, Mukesh Khanna
Taj Mahal: An Eternal Love Story 2005 Akbar Khan Kabir Bedi, Sonia, Monisha Koirala
Awards and recognition
1954: Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Baiju Bawra
1981: Dada Saheb Phalke Award
1992: Sangeet Natak Akademi Award
1992: Padma Bhushan